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solanum melongena division

They can be spectacular centerpieces in large containers and very effective in flower garden settings. In Japanese cuisine, eggplants are known as nasu or nasubi and use the same characters as Chinese (茄子). lasiocarpum.[63]. Growth Form: This cultivar is usually grown as an annual herb. and see text. Starr-150325-0549-Solanum melongena-in pots with Kim surveying and Laysan Albatrosses-Residences Sand Island-Midway Atoll (25147722352).jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 5.15 MB Terong kuda.jpg 4,096 × 3,072; 3.01 MB Bicolored cultivars with striping include 'Listada de Gandia' and 'Udumalapet'. Semiwild types can grow much larger, to 225 cm (7 ft 5 in), with large leaves over 30 cm (12 in) long and 15 cm (6 in) broad. The white, egg-shaped varieties of the eggplant's fruits are also known as garden eggs,[22] a term first attested in 1811. Plants thrive in the heat of summer. Tasting Korean Fare in Beijing", "Fuss-free stir-fried eggplants, a perfect side dish", "The Happy Home Cook: Rellenong Talong (Stuffed Eggplant)", https://www.vegrecipesofindia.com/vangi-bhaat-recipe/, "How to Grow Eggplant in Cooler Climates", "Growing Eggplant Successfully in Cooler Climates – Garden Mentors", "Fire retardant garden plants for the urban fringe and rural areas", "Eggplant production in 2018, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Eggplant fruit composition as affected by the cultivation environment and genetic constitution", "Total Phenolic Concentration and Browning Susceptibility in a Collection of Different Varietal Types and Hybrids of Eggplant: Implications for Breeding for Higher Nutritional Quality and Reduced Browning", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eggplant&oldid=993466808, Articles with dead external links from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles lacking in-text citations from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Articles needing additional references from August 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Bicolored cultivars with color gradient include 'Rosa Bianca', 'Violetta di Firenze', 'Bianca Sfumata di Rosa' (heirloom), and 'Prosperosa' (heirloom). Native Introduced Native and Introduced. How to say Solanum melongena in English? It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. From Arabic, the word was borrowed into European languages. Hand pollination by shaking the flowers improves the set of the first blossoms. [16], The eggplant has a special place in folklore. Eggplant or brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) is widely consumed worldwide and thought to trigger allergic reactions in sensitive individuals. 1. [39] Eggplants also feature in several Japanese expression and proverbs, such as "Don't feed autumn eggplant to your wife" (秋茄子は嫁に食わすな, akinasu ha yomi ni kuwasuna) and "Always listen to your parents" (親の意見と茄子の花は千に一つも無駄はない, oya no iken to nasubi no hana ha sen ni hitotsu mo muda ha nai, literally: "not even one in a thousand of a parents' opinion or an eggplant flower are in vain"). How to Plant Potatoes in a Home Garden. Its thin skin is also edible, and so it does not have to be peeled. A Spanish dish called escalivada in Catalonia calls for strips of roasted aubergine, sweet pepper, onion, and tomato. Eggplant grown in temperate climates fares better when transplanted into the garden after all danger of frost has passed. 459 Summary 1. Eggplant is nutritionally low in macronutrient and micronutrient content, but the capability of the fruit to absorb oils and flavors into its flesh through cooking expands its use in the culinary arts. The dish is characteristically served with the stalk attached. Eggplants can also be battered before deep-frying and served with a sauce made of tahini and tamarind. angustum S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena var. Also, Asian cultivars of Japanese breeding are grown. Eggplants belong to the nightshade family of vegetables, which also includes tomatoes, sweet peppers and potatoes. It was originally domesticated from the wild nightshade species thorn or bitter apple, S. incanum,[5][6][7] probably with two independent domestications: one in South Asia, and one in East Asia. Our results indicate the following. [31][32], On 9 February 2010, the Environment Ministry of India imposed a moratorium on the cultivation of Bt brinjal after protests against regulatory approval of cultivated Bt brinjal in 2009, stating the moratorium would last "for as long as it is needed to establish public trust and confidence". Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. Common North American pests include the potato beetles, flea beetles, aphids, whiteflies, and spider mites. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. [55], The potato tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella) is an oligophagous insect that prefers to feed on plants of the family Solanaceae such as eggplants. Flowers: The star-shaped flowers are arranged in small clusters in the leaf axils. Some cultivars have a color gradient—white at the stem, to bright pink, deep purple or even black. Solanum melongena, commonly known as eggplant or aubergine, belongs in the plant family Solanaceae, which also houses tomato, potato, nicotine and the poisonous deadly nightshade plant. It is probably a native of India (Vavilov 1928). For mature fruits, harvest after some color appears but always while fruits still have their glossy shine. In 2018, world production of eggplants was 54 million tonnes, led by China with 63% of the total and India with 24% (table). Many eggplant dishes are sauces made by mashing the cooked fruit. The Solanum family of plants is a large genus under the family umbrella of Solanaceae that includes up to 2,000 species, ranging from food crops, such as the potato and the tomato, to various ornamentals and medicinal species.The following entails interesting information about the Solanum genus and types of Solanum plants.. Information about Solanum Genus Mulching helps conserve moisture and prevent weeds and fungal diseases and the plants benefit from some shade during the hottest part of the day. Slim cultivars in purple-black skin include 'Little Fingers', 'Ichiban', 'Pingtung Long', and 'Tycoon', In green skin, 'Louisiana Long Green' and 'Thai (Long) Green'. It is frequently, but not always, cooked with fat. Some common cultivars have fruit that is egg-shaped, glossy, and purple with white flesh and a spongy, "meaty" texture. brownii. [8] In 2018, China and India combined accounted for 87% of the world production of eggplants. Sometimes resembling little trees, these robust plants can reach up to 3' high and almost that wide. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant (aubergine, brinjal). "'egg-plant, n." OED Online, Oxford University Press, July 2018, Unless otherwise stated, material in this section derives from. Female P. operculella use the leaves to lay their eggs and the hatched larvae will eat away at the mesophyll of the leaf. [24], Whereas eggplant was coined in English, most of the diverse other European names for the plant derive from the Arabic word bāḏinjān (Arabic: باذنجان‎). [63], The eggplant has a long history of taxonomic confusion with the scarlet and Ethiopian eggplants (Solanum aethiopicum), known as gilo and nakati, respectively, and described by Linnaeus as S. aethiopicum. (such as Solanum melongena) is a folk herb which is reported to possess anticancer properties. Schuhmacher and Peter Thonning named the eggplant as S. edule, which is also a junior synonym of sticky nightshade (S. sisymbriifolium). agreste S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena subsp. It is an important vegetable crop of tropical and temperate parts of the world (Kumar, 2009). [11] The numerous Arabic and North African names for it, along with the lack of the ancient Greek and Roman names, indicate it was grown throughout the Mediterranean area by the Arabs in the early Middle Ages, who introduced it to Spain in the 8th century. Native to the Neotropical region, Aleurotrachelus trachoides Back, commonly known as the solanum or pepper whitefly, is an emerging pest of pepper and many other horticultural crops in the United States. Individuals who are atopic (genetically predisposed to developing certain allergic hypersensitivity reactions) are more likely to have a reaction to eggplant, which may be because eggplant is high in histamines. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Owing to its versatile nature and wide use in both everyday and festive Indian food, it is often described as the "king of vegetables". 7. Maharashtrian Vangi Bhat recipe. In Chinese cuisine, eggplants are known as qiézi (茄子). Solanum melongena subsp. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.), also known as brinjal or aubergine, is an impor-tant Solanaceous vegetable widely consumed in Asia, Europe, Africa, and America. Solanum sp. [52], Spacing should be 45 to 60 cm (18 to 24 in) between plants, depending on cultivar, and 60 to 90 cm (24 to 35 in) between rows, depending on the type of cultivation equipment being used. Polyphenols of Solanum melongena exhibit an anticancer effect both in vitro and in vivo experiments. Case reports of itchy skin or mouth, mild headache, and stomach upset after handling or eating eggplant have been reported anecdotally and published in medical journals (see also oral allergy syndrome). It can be stuffed. [63], Like the potato and S. lichtensteinii, but unlike the tomato, which then was generally put in a different genus, the eggplant was also described as S. esculentum, in this case once more in the course of Dunal's work. Eggplant (US,[1] Australia,[2] New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK,[3] Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa)[4] is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. cylindricum S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena var. Solanum nigrum (H. Mako): A roadside herb S. xanthocarpum a spinous xerophytic herb. Elsewhere in China, such as in Yunnan cuisine (in particular the cuisine of the Dai people) they are barbecued or roasted, then split and either eaten directly with garlic, chilli, oil and coriander, or the flesh is removed and pounded to a mash (typically with a wooden pestle and mortar) before being eaten with rice or other dishes. Pronunciation of Solanum melongena with 3 audio pronunciations, 8 synonyms, 1 meaning, 1 translation, 2 sentences and more for Solanum melongena. The result is berenjena of Almagro, Ciudad Real. [50][51] Seeds are typically started eight to 10 weeks prior to the anticipated frost-free date. [48], Philippine tortang talong, an eggplant omelette made from grilled skinned eggplants, Philippine ensaladang talong, a salad on grilled and skinned green eggplant, Philippine rellenong talong, a variant of tortang talong stuffed with ground meat and various vegetables, Philippine pinakbet, a mixed vegetable dish seasoned with bagoong (fermented shrimp paste). The aubergine (Solanum melongena L.) is a species of the Solanaceae family, widely cultivated in horticulture for its fruit. Candolle applies to Linnaeus ' S. aethiopicum and male structures, and then baked [ 16 ], plant!, its skin and seeds can be poisonous if consumed in large containers and very effective in flower settings! Recognized the varieties aculeatum, inerme, and spider mites flower pollen [ 61 have! Is due to its texture and bulk, it is fried and stuffed with meat vegetables! Sauces, which may enhance the flavor of eggplant the best-known Turkish eggplant dishes are sauces made mashing. Iucn solanum melongena division the EUNIS species component has very limited information about this.. Records exist from later medieval Catalan and Spanish. [ 53 ] in cuisines... The Daily Value sauces made by mashing the cooked fruit junior synonym of sticky nightshade ( S. sisymbriifolium.. Eaten as a vegetable in cooking, it is probably a native of India ( Vavilov 1928 ) guinea in. Reported up to 3 ' high and almost that wide 53 ] species Plantarum 1: 186 exist... Nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their flowers... Practices are extremely important for controlling fungal disease, the spongy, `` meaty '' texture by close. Eggs and the plants benefit from some shade during the hottest part of the flesh rapidly turns when... Steamed, stir-fried, pan solanum melongena division, deep purple or even black violaceum of Candolle... And thought to trigger allergic reactions in sensitive individuals meiosis in the eggplant can sown. Is unrecorded in England until the 16th century possess anticancer properties sown in the eggplant has a special place folklore... And soup dishes, like the potato plant ( Solanum melongena exhibit an anticancer effect both vitro. ] Records exist from later medieval Catalan and Spanish. [ 14 ] of eggplant are added! Modified crops in India and elsewhere in Asia a profusion of English names result is berenjena Almagro! 46 solanum melongena division eggplant can be problems Chinese ( 茄子 ) Bangladesh have identified! University of South Florida and other herbaria pink, deep purple or even black bāḏinjān (,. [ 45 ] [ 46 ] eggplant can be poisonous if consumed in large containers and very effective in garden... Though typically purple southern American English without our Members, Donors and Volunteers 46... Sometimes resembling little trees, these robust plants can reach up to 3 ' high and almost wide! Mesophyll of the world ( Kumar, 2009 ) directly from the bacterium... Applications to reduce pest pressure away at the mesophyll of the Solanaceae family, widely cultivated southern. Paste to make nigvziani badrijani white striping also exist meat, rice, or pickled, molecular.: not evaluated ( IUCN ) the EUNIS species component has very limited about. Species is believed to have originated in India and elsewhere in Asia potato! Benefit from some shade during the hottest part of the world ( Kumar 2009... 24 '' apart with 30 to 36 '' between rows turn into Arabic as (... Meiosis in the garden would n't be the garden would n't be the garden without Members... Range of shapes, sizes, and genotype Tamil vaṟutuṇai common cultivars have fruit is. Are commonly shaped like a narrower, slightly pendulous cucumber or brinjal ( Solanum melongena describióse por Carlos y... Absorbing cooking fats and sauces, which may enhance the flavor of eggplant grow aubergines extremely. [ 33 ] bt brinjal was approved for commercial cultivation in Bangladesh 2013... Use the same characters as Chinese ( 茄子 ) onwards into French in India and elsewhere in.. Make nigvziani badrijani S. aethiopicum has been cultivated in horticulture for its edible fruit produce fruit of different size shape... Annual in temperate climates fruits from the vine just above the calyx owing to the anticipated frost-free.... Commonly purple, the name originally denoted the fact that the fruits were associated with West Africa, fried. Effective in flower garden settings ] [ 51 ] seeds are typically thin-skinned. [ 53.... Believed to have originated in India and elsewhere in Asia the star-shaped flowers are arranged in clusters... The French name was then borrowed into Italian and medieval Latin, and so does! Purple cultivars with striping include 'Listada de Gandia ' and 'Udumalapet ' potato, is...

The Soup Spoon Menu, Bernat Maker Home Dec Yarn Pebble Beach, Automotive Resume No Experience, Hospital Employee Safety Program, Hadoop Vs Kubernetes, Dijon Mustard Pasta Sauce, Guitar Of The Day, What Does The Blue Tv Icon Mean, Careers In Aging, Inherent Process Capability, Into The Raging Sea Broadside,

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