While many are pushing the climate-change-melting-permafrost-triggering-pingos-making-craters explanation, some are blaming overly aggressive natural gas mining by Russian companies. Coordinates. âOnce we find something that looks like a crater, we are then using time series very high-resolution imagery [satellite pictures of the same location taken at different times] to try to work out when they formed,â she says. Gases can become trapped inside the water crystals in permafrost to form a strange frozen material known as a gas hydrate. ‘We believe the ignition was caused by electrostatic discharges, which adds to the danger of the mounds’, Vasily Bogoyavlensky said. It is also an area where thereâs a lot of features known as cryopeg, which are areas of unfrozen ground surrounded by permafrost â a kind of permafrost sandwich. It’s not clear how close this latest crater is to the nearest city or village (photos here), but many have been close. But these figures will soon change, because it … But exactly what is causing these enormous holes in the permafrost to appear and how suddenly they form is still largely a riddle. AFP Scientists use satellite images to get rough estimations of the number of these holes in the area. Get the MegaPack collection now for this great price. A hole in the ground is just a hole in the ground … unless it’s a mysterious Siberian crater, 165 feet deep, and has something about it that Siberia’s leading crater expert tells The Siberian Times: “This object is unique. A TV crew in Siberia stumbled across a 164-foot-deep crater, the likely result of an underground methane gas explosion. A GIANT hole has punctured the ground in Siberia and is thought to be the result of a methane gas explosion caused by melting permafrost. Could that be what Bogoyavlensky is not yet ready (or perhaps afraid to) disclose? âThe key issue in crater research is identifying the source of gas that builds up under the permafrost surface,â says Chuvilin. After their violent birth, most seem to disappear into the landscape almost as quickly â the void left by the explosion near Seyakha â which measured 70m (230ft) wide in places and more than 50m (164ft) deep â flooded with water in just four days due to its proximity to the river. What is clear is that these holes are not forming due to some gradual subsidence as the permafrost melts and shifts below the surface. âAnalysis based on satellite imagery shows that a blast makes a giant hole in the place of a pingo, or mound,â says Chuvilin. and other strange theories were considered before scientists like Vasily Bogoyavlensky of the Russian Oil and Gas Research Institute in Moscow settled on hydrolaccoliths or pingos, which are mounds of frozen water, soil and methane gas which build up pressure as climate change warms the permafrost until they explode and collapse. Another strange incident occurred in 2015, when an expedition was sent to inspect a crater containing what appeared to be a metallic object, possibly a spaceship. Russian scientists have discovered seven giant craters in remote Siberia. As the ground thaws, it allows microorganisms to break down the organic matter, releasing methane and carbon dioxide as byproducts, while the methane trapped in the ice also breaks free. One theory suggests that the … Photo by Vladimir Pushkarev, via Siberian Times. The Yamal Peninsula (Russian: полуо́стров Яма́л) is located in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug of northwest Siberia, Russia.It extends roughly 700 km (435 mi) and is bordered principally by the Kara Sea, Baydaratskaya Bay on the west, and by the Gulf of Ob on the east. âIt is likely that some of the lakes in the permafrost are flooded gas emission craters,â says Kizyakov. âIt is too early to say how common this is as a mechanism of lake formation.â. The Tunguska event was a massive explosion that occurred near the Podkamennaya Tunguska River in Yeniseysk Governorate (now Krasnoyarsk Krai), Russia, on the morning of 30 June 1908 (). 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