With a packed calendar of events and attractions, whatever the weather, Perth is a great destination all year round. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFHudson (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFClimate_Change_Risk_Profile (, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=82648&cityname=Lima-Lima-Peru&units=metric, http://botany.si.edu/projects/cpd/sa/sa43.htm, http://botany.si.edu/projects/cpd/sa/sa42.htm, "Best time to visit, weather and climate Puno", "A snow climatology of the Andes Mountains from MODIS snow cover date", "An introduction to the Bofedales of the Peruvian High Andes", "The Nomalous 2017 El Nino event in Peru", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_of_Peru&oldid=992860213, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 14:14. Visiting the Peruvian Amazon in the Winter (The Dry Season) In a few favored locations, where mountains come close to the sea and the fog condenses on the mountain slopes, the garúa permits vegetation to thrive in "fog oases," called lomas in Peru. Coastal districts are characterized by warm dry weather and in the mountains are much cooler and rainy. During winter, from June to September, the sky is almost always overcast, and even if it doesn't rain there is a mist, the Garúa, which can deposit moisture on the ground. Temperatures in winter reach around 17°C/62°F by day and 11°C/52°F by night. Busiest time due to North American and European holidays. During the dry season temperatures can soar to 32C or higher.  Snow is common at elevations of more than 3,800 metres (12,500 ft). Although these months are winter south of the equator, it is locally considered summer in the Andes of Peru because it is the dry, sunny season, and the best time of year for travel and trekking. In the summer the sun shines often and there is almost no rainfall at all. Comfortably relax in the Republic in March-May. Precipitation here is about 1005 mm | 39.6 inch per year. Temperatures are mild, with highs around 18/20 °C (64/68 °F) and lows only a few degrees below, but owing to the lack of sunshine and the high humidity, the capital's residents are cold, also because they often live in unheated houses. During the month of September, October, November and December you are most likely to experience good weather with pleasant average temperatures that fall between 20 degrees Celsius (68°F) and 25 degrees Celsius (77°F). A few locations at elevations similar to Oxapampa have a pronounced dry season and are classified as Cwb (sub-tropical with a dry winter), rather than Cfb.. It concerns the city of Lima only. Remember: The climate in Peru in january ranges from perfect to tolerable depending on the region and city. Travel tip: … Lima, Peru: Annual Weather Averages February is the hottest month in Lima with an average temperature of 23.5°C (74°F) and the coldest is August at 17°C (63°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 7 in April. By May Lima once again is covered in a blanket of clouds, mist and fog. For travel in Peru, a variety of clothes are necessary. Floods and landslides (huaycos) are the consequence; the warm water negatively impacts fishing; and the southern Andes of Peru suffer reduced precipitation. Usually the weather in Peru in the winter quite comfortable. The coastal desert of Peru extends unbroken from near the northern border with Ecuador to the southern border with Chile, a north to south distance of 1,600 kilometres (990 mi). , The most immediately visible problem of climatic change in Peru is the melting of glaciers in the Andes. During the day, the temperature never reaches 30 °C (86 °F), even though the mountain sun at tropical latitudes is very strong and requires appropriate protection. In Oxapampa, Cfb under the Köppen classication, temperatures rarely fall below 11 °C (52 °F) or rise above 26 °C (79 °F) and precipitation is abundant year-round. Peru is located entirely in the tropics but features desert and mountain climates as well as tropical rain forests. Can upset weather in Peru in spring, if you relax, you will arrive in November. The best month to swim in the sea is in February when the average sea temperature is 23°C (73°F). The November rains, of course, not such strong and long, as in February, however, will complicate trips to the mountains or tropical forests. The Andes, with elevations almost entirely above 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) and mostly above 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), rise above the desert to the west and the tropical rain forest to the east. The desert strip along the Pacific is narrow, at its widest about 120 km (75 mi) before the land climbs into the Andes and precipitation increases with elevation. Southward is the Peruvian coastal desert which becomes at an indefinite location the Atacama Desert which continues into Chile. The climate in Peru, which is largely in the equatorial and tropical belt (69.5% of the area), significantly is affected by the cold Humboldt Current. On many winter days morning and evening drizzle, locally called garúa, is a common occurrence. The Sechura Desert is in northern Peru. Ocean water temperatures in Lima in September, the coldest month, are as low as 14.4 °C (57.9 °F) similar to water temperatures near Los Angeles during its winter months.  The temperature decline with increasing elevation is less than the average on the Pacific coast side of the Andes because of the unusually low temperature of the fog-bound coast. The climate here is classified as Cwb by the Köppen-Geiger system. High Temp: 81 °F. In especially impactful years, as occurred in 1982-1983, 1997-1998, and 2015-2017, El Nino causes heavy rainfall in coastal northern Peru in what is a desert that rarely receives any rain at all. In winter (May-Oct), temperatures are much milder, though with high humidity.  The permanent snow line is at about 5,000 metres (16,000 ft).. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 62°F to 78°F and is rarely below 60°F or above 83°F. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. The following table summarizes climatic statistics for cities in the Andes mountain region. Winter brings cooler temperatures (with highs of around 65 degrees F and lows of around 45 degrees F) and the occasional downpour, making it the least ideal season to visit. Beginning at latitude 8.64° S and continuing southward are many snow-capped and glaciated peaks more that 5,000 metres (16,000 ft) in elevation. Shoulder (Sep–Nov & Mar–May) Spring and fall weather in the highlands. In Peru are quite noticeable differences between day and night temperatures, therefore, at any time of the year we recommend to bring warm clothes. The common precipitation regime of the Andes is a rainy Austral summer season from October to April and a dry Austral winter from May to September. The Sechura desert in the north is warmer and less impacted by the cloud cover that characterizes the more southern parts of the coastal desert, but there is a uniformity in precipitation along the 1,000 mile coastline with less than 30 millimetres (1.2 in) annually. Peru sunrise & sunset times for December 2020 Peru, IN Weather Peru, IN climate is warm during summer when temperatures tend to be in the 70's and very cold during winter when temperatures tend to be in the 20's. On the desert coast, summer (Dec-Apr) is hot and dry, with temperatures reaching 77°F to 95°F (25°C-35°C) or more along the north coast. Meanwhile, on the central and south coasts, travelers can expect overcast skies. For example, Lima has an average humidity of 84 percent, more than double the average humidity of most deserts. In the Cordillera Blanca, for example, glacial melt provides 80 percent of water in the rivers during the dry season and 4-8 percent during the rainy season. If You are going to Peru in the summer, do not forget that the summer in the designated country is in December-February. Average temperatures range from highs around 75 degrees F to lows of 45 degrees F. Maximum precipitation falls in Peru in January. Subtropical with very little rainfall, but humidity sometimes rises, causing fog. On the coast of Peru in June-August is pretty cool, there is no pronounced temperature fluctuations. In the mountainous areas of the country during this period is dry, but temperatures can vary from 20-25 °C (68-77 °F) during the day and 10-15 °C (50-59 °F) at night. Project Seasons of the Year on YouTube channel. Many areas of Peru depend upon glacial melt for water for consumption, irrigation, and industry. Temperatures on the coast never drops below plus 8 degrees, while in the mountains there are frosts at night and temperatures can drop to -6 degrees. , El Niño (the "boy child") and La Niña (the "girl child") are the manifestations of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation which influences weather around the world, but especially near the coasts of northern Peru and southern Ecuador.  Temperature highs can reach 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 Deg. The average annual temperature is 14.5 °C | 58.0 °F in Mollepata. , Apart from the irrigated agriculture in 57 river valleys coming down from the Andes and passing through the desert en route to the ocean, the coastal desert is almost without vegetation. Mild temperatures could dominate a large part of the United States this winter, especially in the South and East, according to an updated outlook released Thursday by … Especially high humidity in the Rainforest. , The dividing line between the Amazon and Andean climates is uncertain, but depends mostly on elevation. Elevations above sea level in the country range from −37 metres (−121 ft) to 6,788 metres (22,270 ft) and precipitation ranges from less than 20 millimetres (0.79 in) annually to more than 8,000 millimetres (310 in). Not surprisingly, humidity in the rainforest is high throughout the year. Here are … In this country you can get into the Amazon jungle, Andes mountains, to the mountain lake Titicaca. Cool damp weather with higher humidity levels usually occurs in winter. Peruvian Instituto Geografico Militar 1:100, 000 map series published in Lima, various dates from 1950's to present, Sheets 18-h, 19-h, 19-i, 20-i, 21-j, 27-q, 28-t, 28-u, 30-y, 31-q, 32-q, 32-s and 33-s cover the 6000m peaks of Peru.  Average annual temperatures rose by 1 °C (1.8 °F) from 1960 until 2016 and are predicted to increase by an additional 2 °C (3.6 °F) to 3 °C (5.4 °F) by 2065. In autumn, favorable weather in Peru for a trip to the coast. Compensating for the lack of a freeze-free growing season at elevations above 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), indigenous farmers up until the 21st century have sought out micro-climates and used techniques such as Andenes (terraces) and Waru Waru (raised beds) to capture and store heat and permit hardy crops such as potatoes to grow up to 4,050 metres (13,290 ft) in elevation. El Niño brings warmer and sunnier weather to the coasts of Peru than normal. Ideal for less-crowded visits. The air temperature in this month is 1-2 degrees above the December and January level and is approximately 28 °C (82 °F). The desert coast of Peru has 52 percent of Peru's population on 12 percent of its land area and is especially vulnerable to fluctuations in its water supply, nearly all of which comes from rivers originating in the Andes. There is usually 1 day with some rain in Lima, Peru in December and the average monthly rainfall is 2mm. , The following table summarizes climatic statistics for cities in the north, central, and southern parts of the coastal desert, A characteristic of the Peruvian coastal desert is low average temperatures despite its tropical latitudes. In summer there is an average temperature of 25 ° Celsius … The months of January, February, March, November and December have a high chance of precipitation. In March-April it is better to refuse to visit the highlands and the jungle. Usually the weather in Peru in the winter quite comfortable. Southward is the Peruvian coastal desert which becomes at an indefinite location the Atacama Desert which continues into Chile. The cold water, especially in the Austral winter from May to November, cause an inversion, the air near the ocean surface being cooler than the air above, contrary to most climatic situations. Low Temp: 59 °F. Chosica, 50 kilometres (31 mi) inland from the Pacific at an elevation of 835 metres (2,740 ft) gets 109 millimetres (4.3 in) annually of precipitation compared to Lima's precipitation of 16 millimetres (0.63 in). Peru Seasons & Climate. Ocean temperatures on the coast of Peru increase by as much as 3 °C (5 °F) during the Austral summer, beginning about Christmas, the name El Niño referring to the birth of Jesus.  As a result of the fog, Lima gets only 1230 hours of sunshine annually, and less that 50 hours each in the months of July, Aug, and Sept. (By contrast, Seattle, Washington, not noted for its sunny weather, gets 2,170 hours of sunshine annually and "foggy London town" gets 1,618 hours of sunshine annually. The rainforest of Peru has a sub-tropical climate and from October to April it rains a lot of the time. Pucallpa (Am) has only one month that falls below that threshold; Puerto Esperanza (Aw) has three months below the Af threshold. The consequence of increased glacial melt is floods during the wet season and less water in rivers during the dry season. In general the western slopes of the Andres, facing the Pacific Ocean, are drier than the eastern slopes. In these months in Peru comes winter, rainfall is the minimum amount. The average temperature in Peru in March takes the value 26 °C (79 °F) in April is 26 °C (75 °F), in May 22-23 °C (72-73 °F). In Cusco, the wet season is overcast, the dry season is partly cloudy, and it is cool year round. Accelerated glacial melt and the eventual disappearance of glaciers will severely impact the quantity of water available in the coastal and mountain regions. " Peru has more than 40 lomas totalling in area less than 2,000 square kilometres (770 sq mi) out of a total coastal desert area of 144,000 square kilometres (56,000 sq mi). You will need very lightweight clothes for summer on the coast, and thermals, hats, gloves and ski jackets for winter up in the mountains. While Quincemil has the highest precipitation of places in Peru with a weather station, climatologists say that the slopes of low mountains northwest of Quincemil in Manu National Park may receive more than 8,000 millimetres (310 in) of rain annually. But please don't let yourself be fooled by … Peru is considered one of the largest countries in South America, it ranks third after Brazil and Argentina. There is almost no rainfall dur… , The moisturizing impact of the fog is increased by the high average humidity of the coastal deserts. Select from the other forecast maps (on the right) to view the temperature, cloud cover, wind and precipitation for this country on a large scale with animation. Average Weather in Cusco Peru. Weather and Climate Of Peru--When traveling to Peru, the sun is strong, particularly in the higher altitudes. The driest months are in the Austral winter of June through August. Matucana, 80 km (50 mi) inland at an elevation of 2,464 m (8,084 ft) gets 479 mm (18.9 in) of precipitation. Sea level is projected to rise by 50 centimetres (20 in) by 2100. Nights can get cool. The Sechura desert in the north is warmer and less impacted by the cloud cover tha… June, 29 — the Day of Saints Peter and Paul; August, 30 — Santa Rosa, St. Rose of Lima, patroness of the Peruvian capital. Mean Temp: 68 °F. The last month of the winter, August, is another comfortable month in Lima, Peru, with average temperature varying between 14.6°C (58.3°F) and 18.4°C (65.1°F). The average sea temperature around Lima, Peru in December is 19°C. In the Western part is dominated by the predominantly tropical desert type of climate, in the Eastern regions is sub — Equatorial, while in the mountains the climate depends on the height of the terrain and very changeable (at altitudes greater than 4 km, which even in summer can be frozen). August is the coldest month, with an average high-temperature of 18.4°C (65.1°F) and an average low-temperature of 14.6°C (58.3°F). Sometimes it is only small drizzle (Garoua), which is unlikely to affect your plans. , The Amazon rainforest region comprises about 56 percent of the total area of Peru and is characterized, as is the coast, by its climatic uniformity: hot average temperatures with little variation among the seasons and abundant precipitation. The best period to visit is June-August. The indigenous people of Peru have been farming in the Andes for thousands of years despite the severe climatic limitations. The northern coast tends to be warm and comfortable with little rain. , sfn error: no target: CITEREF"Peru_Climate" (, Rundel, P. W., Dillion, M.O., Palma, B., Mooney, H.A., Gulmon, S. L., and Ehleringer, J. R., "The Phytogeography and Ecology of the Coastal Atacama and Peruvian Deserts," In, Pozorski, Shelia and Pozorski, Thomas, (2006a), Dillon, Michael O., "The Solanaceae of the Lomas Formations of Coastal Peru and Chile," www.sacha.org/solanaceae/lomas_solanaceae.pdf, accessed 17 Jul 2017, "South America, Site SA42, Lomas Formations, Peru". In the tropics the average annual temperature is usually at least 25 °C (77 °F) with little temperature variation among months. During the winter (June to October), the city is often covered with adense fog [drizzle-like], which often lasts all day (locally known as' garúa) with temperatures between 12 and 15 ºCelsius (53-59° Fahrenheit). Peru is one of the most exotic and mysterious countries of the world. Temperatures drop and rise drastically, extremes of Peruvian coastal weather are: 14 to 38 °C (57.2 to 100.4 °F). Much of the coast, including Lima, is shrouded in a gray mist called garúa. Lomas range in size from very small to more than 40,000 hectares (99,000 acres) and their flora includes many endemic species.Scholars have described individual lomas as "an island of vegetation in a virtual ocean of desert. Dry season in Andean highlands and eastern rainforest. It can become freezing at night at altitude and remain hot and sticky through the nights in the jungle. Humidity: 82%. The Sechura Desert is in northern Peru. If you are going to travel to Peru in the spring months, we advise you to plan a trip for September or October. While there are locations that fit into all three of the Köppen tropical types of climate, Af, Am, and Aw, the differences among the three climates in Peru are small. In the capital, the absence of rain plays in favor of the … In the winter month of June, July, and August, visitors can expect clouds, cool temperatures, and some humidity. In the mountainous regions and rainforests of Peru in the midst of the rainy season: the weather is very hot, wet, and rain can start at any time, but are rarely delayed more than 2-3 hours. Weather in Manú Biosphere Reserve & Tambopata National Park. The best time to visit these mountains and Jungle of Peru is June — August; coast — December to March. Do not forget that the summer in the Andes peaks in Peru, a of... And industry mm | 39.6 inch per year at least 25 °C ( 77 ). 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