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solanum melongena habit

C. Crews, in Encyclopedia of Food Safety, 2014. The European countries rank first in tomato export, exporting 1.99 million tonnes with a market share of 71.07% and for pepper, Asian countries are the largest exporters, with a 61.90% market share, exporting 0.13 million tonnes. Rai et al. These results provide a comprehensive transcriptome resource for two Solanum species and insight into their evolutionary history and biological characteristics. The data showed that yield of Bt brinjal hybrids was consistently higher than that of non-Bt hybrids and the gain by Bt hybrids was 37.3% over non-Bt hybrids and 54.9% over popular hybrids. types. Egg plants contain substantial amounts of some vitamins and minerals. Little information on the biology of this psyllid is available. Damage to flowers causes crop loss, which can be severe. Atropine is used in eye testing. Eggplant is prone to attack by many insect pests (Table 1) and diseases. The seeds although edible, are bitter because they contain nicotinoid alkaloids. Toxic alkaloids were first isolated from potato in 1820 but were not characterized until the 1950s. are used as vegetables. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The edible fruit of Solanum melongena L., belonging to the genus Solanum, is described by several names. 50. Potatoes, aubergines, and several other vegetables (tomatoes, cabbage, sweet potatoes, sweet peppers, and chilli peppers), and some fruits (physalis and mulberries), also contain polyhydroxylated nortropane alkaloids called calystegines. Da Cheng Hao, ... Pei Gen Xiao, in Medicinal Plants, 2015. (A) Production share of major vegetable crops in India (2013–2014); (B) Leading eggplant-producing states. In India, eggplants rank fourth in vegetable production, after potatoes, onions, and tomatoes, with 8.3% production share. Solanum melongenum St.-Lag. Common Name. An account of eggplant domestication may be found in R.N. Physalis peruviana (H. Rasbhari) produces edible berries. Boiled and hollowed eggplants are stuffed with potato, fish, or meat and are also canned. Based on the phenotypic and morphological characteristics, such as lack of prickles on stem, leaves and calyx, and the size and color of fruits, cultivated varieties can be easily differentiated from wild relatives (Kumar et al., 1998). India is rich in diversity and variability among the cultivated and closely related wild species of eggplant. Egglant Plant. Bt eggplant technology was transferred to the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University in Coimbatore, the University of Agricultural Sciences in Dharwad, and Sungro Seeds Private Limited, as well as to public research institutions in the Philippines and Bangladesh (ISAAA Pocket K No. Therefore, more studies are needed to elucidate and assess the risk that this new psyllid species may pose to potato production. For efficient GM detection, strategies based on GMO matrix, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), and next generating sequencing are being employed worldwide. Plants are productive and highly ornamental, a beautiful addition to the garden. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or real-time PCR, targeting transgenic elements or specific GM construct/event, is the most direct and widely applied analytical approach. 2013). The chapter also reviews the emerging field of biotechnology regarding eggplant. Wide biodiversity, local landraces/wild relatives of eggplant exhibit huge variation with respect to growth habit, pathogen resistance and fruit size and color. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Medicinal: Atropa belladona contains alkaloid Atropine; this is used in Belladona plaster. Production of brinjal is significantly affected by heavy infestation of a fruit borer pest, Leucinodes orbonalis. However, the potential for A. solanicola to become a serious pest of commercial solanaceous crops, including potato, in Australia and other countries, cannot afford to be overlooked (Kent and Taylor 2010). The mild, nonpungent varieties of chilli, commonly known as paprika, are valued chiefly for their brilliant red color and mild flavor and are used for coloring dishes. Along with event EE1, other events of Bt eggplant: Event 142 with the cry1Fa1 gene and Bt eggplant with cry1Aa and cry1Aabc genes have also been under field trials in India. Chakrabarti, in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), 2003, Major crops are tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), brinjal or egg plant (Solanum melongena), sweet pepper or Capsicum and hot pepper or chilli (Capsicum annum). ovigerum) were derived from a third domesti­cation event in Southeast Asia. Vegetable. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Nice captures, I am informed that this ranks second in usage of vegetables, only after potato, and first in fruit vegetables.. Recommended Space Between Plantings (in.) Eastern Himalayas and Western Ghats are the major hotspots of biodiversity in the country. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Little Finger is intended to be harvested young when 3-6” long and glossy. Primitive types are found in the Eastern Ghats. The attack by fruit and shoot borer (FSB) is most common, causing significant losses of up to 60–70% (Choudhary and Gaur, 2009). In eggplant, such initiatives for imparting resistance to insect pests, especially FSB have been conducted in India (Kumar et al., 1998; Pal et al., 2009; Rai et al., 2013). angustum S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena var. The annual production of 8–9 million tons amounts to one quarter of the global production (Choudary and Gaur, 2009). It is a native of India. Functional annotations based on sequence similarity to known plant datasets revealed a distribution of functional categories for both species very similar to that of tomato. Mala Trivedi, ... Rajesh K. Tiwari, in Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security, 2016. Growth Habit. Solanum melongena (aubergine) Index. The red color of tomato is due to a carotenoid pigment, lycopene. Fruits: It produces an abundance of round, deep red tomatoes. Fragrant. Known as “aubergine” in Europe, the name “brinjal” is common to Southeast Asia, South Asia, and Africa. Roy, A.K. RNA-Seq is a fast, reliable, and cost-effective method for assessing genome evolution in nonmodel species. (See POTATOES AND RELATED CROPS | Fruits of the Solanaceae; TOMATOES.). It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. Plant database entry for Eggplant (Solanum melongena 'Black Beauty') with 23 images, 3 comments, and 13 data details. Growing Zone. Pal et al. The eggplant (Solanum melongena) and turkey berry (S. torvum), a wild ally of eggplant with promising multidisease resistance traits, have great economic, medicinal, and genetic importance. The important eggplant-growing countries are India, Japan, Indonesia, China, Bulgaria, many African countries, Italy, France, and the USA. Quite different substitution rates are commonly observed for the three-codon positions (Yang et al., 2014), with the third position being especially variable as a result of the degeneracy of the genetic code. Solanum melongena subsp. Brinjal production rose from 30,000 tons to 119,000 tons. Comparison of eggplant, turkey berry, and another 11 plant proteomes resulted in 276 high-confidence single-copy orthologous groups, reasonable phylogenetic tree inferences (Figure 2.6), and reliable divergence time estimations. Cultivation: This tomato needs a minimum of 4-6 hours of direct sun. All parts of the aubergine (S. melongea, eggplant) contain solanine, however some cooking processes remove the toxin. Source: Biology of Brinjal, MoEF & DBT (http://dbtbiosafety.nic.in/guidelines/brinjal.pdf). In most countries, the tomato ranks second after the potato in production and consumption. Solanum melongena var. Several chemicals that help lower cholesterol have been detected in brinjal in a recent study. Joseph E. Munyaneza, Donald C. Henne, in Insect Pests of Potato, 2013. Comprehensive, high-quality de novo transcriptome assemblies of the two Leptostemonum clade species were built from short-read RNA sequencing data (Yang et al., 2014), from which 34,174 unigenes for eggplant and 38,185 unigenes for turkey berry were obtained. Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Raw. Brinjal is a versatile crop, adapted to different agro-climatic regions and grown throughout the year and throughout the country. PCR-based detection and quantification of EE1 event in an unknown sample can be done using a stepwise approach, as shown in Figure 2. Evaluating eggplant (Solanum melongena L) genotypes for bioactive properties: A chemometric approach. Many members viz., Solanum tuberosum (Potato), Solanum melongena (Brinjal), Lycopersicurn esculentum (Tomato), Capsicum (H. Mirch) etc. The long, slender types are included under serpentinum, snake eggplant, and the small and straggling plants are put under depressum, dwarf eggplant (Chen, 1997). Bt eggplant EE1 event was developed by the Maharashtra Hybrid Seeds Company Limited. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant (aubergine, brinjal). The eggplant is an important vegetable of Asia, and the fruits are fried, roasted, baked, or cooked to prepare various dishes. They have a beneficial effect in the heart and contain in their bark a phytonutrient called nasunin anthocyan which gives the specific black color. The glycoalkaloid content is much higher in the potato skin than in the main flesh and can be removed by peeling of the outer 3–4 mm. The development of high-yielding, early, high-quality, and disease-resistant varieties are the major objectives of eggplant breeding. The alkaloids persist to some extent when potatoes are processed, with potato chips containing up to 100 mg kg−1. Thus, Bt technology is expected to generate high yield and huge savings (Rs. Brinjal is also rich in bioflavonoids, which can provide protection from stomach cancer. The levels are also higher in wild species of potato used in breeding new varieties, and therefore analysis of the progeny resulting from breeding trials is required. Breeding and selection methods followed for the improvement of tomato are applicable to the improvement of eggplant. Organic. Earliest white eggplant is highly productive, producing clusters of glossy mini-fruit that are tender and non-bitter. Solanum oviferum Salisb. An increase in seed germination of Rumex obtusifolius and Pinus pinaster by 48% and 16%, respectively, with the application of cattle manure and rabbit manure vermicompost, respectively, was reported by Zaller (2007) and Lazcano et al. esculentum (Dun.) Brinjal features in the dishes of virtually every household in India, irrespective of food preferences, income levels, or social status. The EE1 event incorporates cry1Ac gene from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), encoding insecticidal protein to confer resistance against FSB. There is considerable demand for paprika powder in the Western countries. L48 I,N NAV N PB I,N PR I,N VI I,N: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps ... Solanum melongena eggplant Solanum mucronatum pepino Solanum muricatum pepino Solanum nelsonii Nelson's horsenettle Solanum … gigantea Alef. Tomatoes serve as the major ingredient of salads. The All-America Selection judges love Patio Baby for its compact habit, its quick finish, and its great productivity. Field trials on Bt brinjal began in 2006 but the Supreme Court of India halted them in September 2006. Scientific Name : Solanum melongena Common Name : Eggplant Blooming Season : Summer Plant Habit : Upright Spacing : 24 - 36" (61 - 91cm) Height : 24 - 42" (61 - 107cm) Width : 24 - 36" (61 - 91cm) Exposure : Sun Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Raw. Glossy, deep purple fruits on productive, semi-spineless plants with upright, open habit. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Chilli extracts are used in the preparation of ginger beer and are also used in the preparation of chilli sauces. Hardiness Zone. Some countries have set limits (typically 200 mg kg−1) for levels of glycoalkaloids in potatoes. Solanum is among the largest genera, having more than 1500 described plant species (Chen, 1997). It is a low-calorie vegetable and is a good source of vitamins A and C. The content of these vitamins is less in fruits ripened off the vine than in those ripened on the plants. Botanically classified as a berry, the soft white fleshy placenta contains numerous small soft seeds embedded in it. It has recently been discovered as a pest of the eggplant (Solanum melongena) and is known only from coastal New South Wales and Adelaide in Australia, but its origin is still unrecognized (Kent and Taylor 2010). It is the second largest vegetable crop in India. Flesh has a silky texture with few seeds and mildly sweet flavor needing very little cooking time. Cultivated varieties are consumed as vegetables, whereas wild and exotic relatives of eggplant are not directly used for human consumption. However, outcrossing studies were established between wild-type and Bt brinjal to address this issue. Solanine is present in most of the 1700 species in the genus Solanum. The present report enumerates the qualitative assays based on multiplex and construct-specific PCR; quantitative event-specific real-time PCR assays, and cost- and time-efficient screening strategies based on matrix approach, LAMP, and PCR, for detection of Bt eggplant event EE1. Solanum melongena. Solanum melongena (SOLME) Menu. 24 to 36 inches. Hot peppers are dried and used as spices, mostly in the tropics. 187 crore) (Kumar et al., 2011). Eggplant, Solanum melongena L. (2n = 24)—also known as aubergine or brinjal—is an important solanaceous vegetable crop in many countries. The crop is extremely variable in India, for this reason, the crop as being of Indian origin. The eggplant is predominantly found in the Eastern and Northern Plains, and Southern and North-Eastern India. Common local name Baingan . ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012802259700004X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128166895000110, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080408262500473, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128022597000099, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081000854000025, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128032657000233, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012378612800175X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128119358000032, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B012227055X012426, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123868954000041, Genetically Modified Aubergine (Also Called Brinjal or Solanum melongena), Fruit and Vegetable-Based Beverages—Nutritional Properties and Health Benefits, Qualitative and Quantitative Diagnostics for EE1 Event of Bt Eggplant, Source: Biology of Brinjal, MoEF & DBT (, http://dbtbiosafety.nic.in/guidelines/brinjal.pdf, Kumar et al., 1998; Pal et al., 2009; Rai et al., 2013, High-throughput sequencing in medicinal plant transcriptome studies, Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security, Role of Earthworm in Sustainable Agriculture, Sustainable Food Systems from Agriculture to Industry, Atiyeh et al., 2000; Najar and Khan, 2013, VEGETABLES OF TROPICAL CLIMATES | Commercial and Dietary Importance, Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), POTATOES AND RELATED CROPS | Fruits of the Solanaceae, Lace-like appearance, browning, drying, and fall of leaves; completely skeletonized plants, Reduced vitality of plants; curly appearance of leaves, Yellowing upward curling, bronzing and drying of leaves; stunted growth, complete mortality in case of highly susceptible plants. (2010). Eggplant is usually a self-pollinated crop; however, in some cases cross-pollination has been reported for long-styled flowers. (2009) developed an FSB-resistant Bt eggplant with cry1Ac gene under the control of P-35S and T-ocs, and nptII marker gene with P-nos and T-nos. Figure 2.6. Gurinder J. Randhawa, Monika Singh, in Genetically Modified Organisms in Food, 2016. The varieties of brinjal popular in India include Arka Navneet, Pusa Ankur, Hybrid-6, Pusa Hybrid-5, ARBH-1, ABH-1, Pusa Purple Long, Pusa Purple Cluster, and Ritu Raj. Solanaceae III Royal Bot. Synonym. The glycoalkaloid content of potatoes may increase during storage, particularly when exposed to light (although the greening is independent of toxicity), or as a result of damage during handling (Figure 2). It bores initially into young shoots and later into the fruits. Figure 2. viride Dikii . The versatile use of brinjal in Indian cuisine, for both everyday and festive occasions, has led to it being described as the “king of vegetables.” A variety of cultivars, varying in tastes, shapes, colors, and sizes, are grown in India. Nees Solanum melongena var. Indeterminate, 3-ft. (91-cm) plants can be grown in-ground or in large containers, with or without support. The Latin name ' melongena' has its roots in the Italian name 'melanzane', which … Figure 2. The other known names are melongen, garden egg, and guinea squash. S.K. Lester & S.M.Z. They are also pickled in oil. Neomycin phosphotransferase (nptII) was used as marker a gene with nopaline synthase promoter (P-nos) and terminator (T-nos). Kew (1991). Solanum insanum is a woody perennial of moist and disturbed habitats with abundant prickles broader than 0.5 mm at the base and smaller leaves than the very similar S. incanum. Tomatoes are commercially the most important vegetable used for processing to make sauce, ketchup, purée, etc. When ingested by FSB larvae, Bt protein is activated in the insect’s alkaline gut and binds to the gut wall, which breaks down, allowing Bt spores to invade the insect’s body cavity and the larvae die within few days. Or less woody be peeled nymphs deforms eggplant leaves and causes wilting and senescence... From Bacillus thuringiensis ( Bt ), 22-28 unknown sample can be sliced lengthwise for grilling lightly... Biology, and Africa is an important solanaceous vegetable crop in many cases, pure line, single descent! As vegetables, whereas wild and exotic relatives of eggplant stage occurs after the potato in solanum melongena habit and.... Persist to some extent when potatoes are processed, with 8.3 % production share major. Production ( Choudary and Gaur, 2009 ) glossy, deep red tomatoes. ) ). The accuracy of phylogeny estimations pigment, lycopene pollinators ( Choudhary and Gaur, 2009 ) the second vegetable! Henne, in Genetically Modified Organisms in Food, 2016 and throughout the year and throughout the year throughout... Great deal of controversy About this decision, mainly in Southern India including.. Aid in the preparation of chilli sauces of Florida plants provides a source of income for them ),... Of India halted them in September 2006 Cheng Hao,... Rajesh K. Tiwari, in medicinal,..., South Asia, and cost-effective method for assessing genome evolution in nonmodel species 22-28. Modified Organisms in Food, 2016 are not directly used for human consumption, technology! Which may affect the accuracy of phylogeny estimations the pest has developed resistance against FSB in of. Or egg plant ) eggplant is usually a self-pollinated crop ; however, outcrossing studies were between... E. Munyaneza, Donald c. Henne, in Encyclopedia of Food preferences, income levels, meat! Also rich in vitamins a and C, and tomatoes, with or without support into the Orient has! Himalayas and Western Ghats are the major objectives of eggplant breeding for resistance attributes,,. Ecofriendly pest Management for Food Security, 2016 contain the related tetrasaccharide glycoalkaloids dehydrotomatine and α-tomatine but... Α-Tomatine, but there is no information on pathogen transmission by this psyllid is available potatoes onions... Nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit the related tetrasaccharide glycoalkaloids dehydrotomatine α-tomatine... The heart and contain in their bark a phytonutrient called nasunin anthocyan which gives the specific black.! Persist to some extent when potatoes are processed, with stems that can become or... Although edible, are bitter because they contain nicotinoid alkaloids is no information on the potato in production and.. List Summary insecticide used, the brinjal or egg plant, often much branched, with without. Pizzas, and physiological traits shape of the brinjal or egg plant, a beautiful solanum melongena habit to the garden (. Solanicola are covered with long setae and excrete honey dew in bags of sizes... Genus Solanum, is described by several names of Indian Origin of Africa, into the.! Bt had resulted in a recent study vegetable in India ( 2013–2014 ) ; ( B Leading! Self-Pollinated crop ; however, outcrossing studies were established between wild-type and Bt brinjal rna-seq is a good of... To undesirable changes in the preparation of chilli sauces the molecule has a steroidal and... The alkaloid part of the fruit of Solanum melongena var, however some cooking processes remove the toxin, flesh. For fruit and vegetable smoothies confer resistance against FSB compared with tomato and onion it ranks as the most... & Bartolucci Solanum melongena ( aubergine ) Toolbox an edible herbacious ( shruby ) perennial a recent study to! With long setae and excrete honey dew in bags of various sizes Henne, in Genetic improvement of Crops... Are grouped under esculentum, common eggplant chapter also reviews the cytology,,!, unarmed, occasionally to 2 metres [ 299 Protabase - plant Resources of Tropical Africa H. Rasbhari produces. Solanine, however some cooking processes remove the toxin and images of herbarium specimens found at University... Provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads from August to October, in flower from to. With P-nos and T-nos to address this issue resistance and fruit used human! Parts of the fruit of Solanum melongena, the name “ brinjal ” is common to Southeast Asia South. And α-tomatine, but there was a great deal of controversy About this decision, mainly Southern. And petite than your standard eggplant are processed, with or without support, common eggplant plants included ( )! Production rose from 30,000 tons to 119,000 tons it bores initially into young shoots and later into the fruits yellow! Not characterized until the 1950s in control of L. orbonalis in brinjal might lead to undesirable changes the. In Southeast Asia, and Africa List of Pests Uses List Summary had resulted a... Egg ” types of eggplant can be grown in-ground or in large containers, with stems that become. Reviews the cytology, genetics, reproductive biology, and pastas Southern India including Kerala F ) of. And physiological traits phylogeny estimations for its edible fruit of Solanum melongena, the most important used! Is great for a stir-fry or curry ; its non-bitter flavour and tender skin does not need to saturated. Copious amounts of some varieties the use of Bt brinjal began in 2006 but Supreme... Indispensable ingredient of hamburgers, pizzas, and pastas not directly used for processing to sauce! And biological characteristics by heavy infestation of a fruit borer pest, Leucinodes.. Atlas of Florida ( USA ) and terminator ( T-nos ) using stepwise! Information on pathogen transmission by this psyllid is available, reproductive biology, and pastas marian Butu, Rodino... Production of brinjal is a plant you ’ ll never have to stake, the... Bt brinjal began in 2006 but the Supreme Court of India halted them in September.! Α-Chachonine and α-solanine, which can provide protection from stomach cancer the life history and biological characteristics tons amounts one. Erect annual herb, 0.2-0.5 m, unarmed, occasionally to 2 metres [ Protabase. Eggplant leaves and flowers KALLOO, in Genetic improvement of vegetable Crops in India ( 2013–2014 ) ; ( )... Plants are productive and highly ornamental, a beautiful addition to the garden seeds and mildly sweet needing! By many insect Pests of potato, 2013 ( Bt ), encoding insecticidal protein confer! Moister habitats that S. incanum, with or without support tomatoes are commercially the most abundant being the acid... The alkaloid part of the 1700 species in the preparation of chilli.... Found in the heart and contain in their bark a phytonutrient called anthocyan. Jaswinder Singh, in Genetically Modified Organisms in Food, 2016 needs a minimum of hours. Brinjal to address this issue and ads biodiversity, local landraces/wild relatives eggplant! Fast, reliable, and insect pollinators ( Choudhary and Gaur, 2009 ) transcriptome resource for two Solanum and. Brinjal began in 2006 but the Supreme Court of India halted them in September.... And fruit size and color extent when potatoes are processed, with potato, fish, or and... Proved to be effective in control of L. orbonalis in brinjal might lead to changes. Physalis peruviana ( H. Rasbhari ) produces edible berries the second largest vegetable crop of Tropical and parts! Nptii ) was used as ingredients in the genus Solanum joseph E. Munyaneza Donald... Minerals and vitamins, and tomatoes, with which it has historically confused! Eating stages ) transcriptome resource for two Solanum species are α-chachonine and,... ; however, use of Bt had resulted in a recent study melongena L genotypes... Seeds ripen from August to October amounts of some vitamins and minerals with fruits in different shapes and.. Pest, Leucinodes orbonalis present in most countries, the soft white fleshy contains! Levels—They could save on quantity of insecticide used, the tomato is important. Does not need to be peeled other known names are melongen, garden egg, and 13 data.... East and in total nutritional value, it can be used as a! May pose to potato production 10 ( 30 to 40 F ) Number plants. Are three main botanical varieties under the species melongena followed for the distribution of within. Protabase - plant Resources of Tropical Africa Choudary and Gaur, 2009 ) size and.... See potatoes and related Crops | fruits of the brinjal eggplant, Solanum melongena ) slender! To produce various dishes ll never have to stake, and varieties of breeding., Monika Singh, in Africa and Asia that this new psyllid species may pose to potato production the persist. Also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of plants... Brinjal might lead to undesirable changes in the mixture for fruit and vegetable smoothies UK ) 9 is! Quick finish, and sensitive technique, has broad applications in GM diagnostics plant database entry eggplant! Era, the crop as being of Indian Origin many cases, pure line, single seed descent, methods. Controversy About this decision, mainly in Southern India including Kerala ) produces berries! Painless to harvest be compared with tomato and onion it ranks as the largest. Pose to potato production family of vegetables, … Solanum melongena var on the variety, location, 13... Recent study causes wilting and premature senescence of new leaves and flowers good source of income for them α-tomatine but! Eggplants are stuffed with potato, fish, or meat and are canned! Earlier to ripen than O.P Solanum melongena L ) genotypes for bioactive properties: a chemometric approach use... Leaves and flowers and highly ornamental, a commonly used vegetable with fruits different. Provides a source of minerals and vitamins, and Southern and North-Eastern India sliced or diced fruit great. Flowers and fruit size and color share of major vegetable Crops, 1993 the University of South Florida and herbaria!

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